Scrum is a framework that helps teams work together. Scrum encourages teams to learn through experiences. Scrum began in the software industry and has since spread to universities, the military, the automotive industry, and beyond. Scrum is the leading Agile methodology used by companies worldwide.
The term “scrum” was first introduced by professors Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in their 1986 Harvard Business Review article, where they described a “rugby”-style approach to product development—one where a team moves forward while passing a ball back and forth.
Scrum processes are cyclical, repeating every few weeks. Product Owners provide requirements, in the form of Stories
Scrum is an Agile framework that fits perfectly into complex projects where there is a high level of requirements and a very broad scope in the future
Scrum is more successful in the current market, which is marked by unpredictability and volatility. Scrum is based on inspect-adapt cycles as opposed to the command and control structures of the Waterfall method.
Scrum projects are completed in an iterative manner wherein the functionalities with the highest business value are completed first. Various cross-functional teams work in parallel across Sprints to deliver potentially shippable solutions at the end of every Sprint.
In complex projects, where the customer is very much unclear about what they want in an end product and functionality requirements keep changing, the iterative model is more flexible in ensuring that these changes can be included before the project is complete.
Scrum has been proven to deliver value to the end customer 30 to 40 percent faster than traditional methods with quality.
The decrease in time to market is one key reason that scrum projects realize a higher return on investment (ROI).
Scrum provides the framework for continual feedback and exposure to make sure that quality is as high as possible.